Selasa, 07 Februari 2017

Someone Who Suddenly Became a Hero for Me

My “one day” hero actually is my close friend and my teacher . They accidentally became my hero from a few past experience.

First incident is when I didn’t bring any money to school because I forgot to bring my wallet. I left it at my desk when I checked my phone. Back then, I was so thirsty because I didn’t bring water bottle to school. Suddenly, when Alfa come back from Kopgur (Koperasi Guru) he brought 2 bottles of water. And then, he put it on my desk. I was so confused and asked him why he put it at my desk. And then, he said that it was for me. I was very thankful to Alfa.

Second incident is when I was so hungry back then because I ate breakfast so little. And then, my chairmate, Aliesha bring food from her home, a peanut chocolate bread. She gave it to me and we share it to each other.


Third incident is my junior high school teacher. She is mrs. Lucia Dwi. My junior high school was taruna Bakti JHS. Mrs. Lucia actually a former headmaster of my school backthen. And then she became my homeroom teacher. And she is my favourite homeroom teacher until now. Backthen, I couldn’t go back to home at 2 p.m. because my mother had to go to hospital. And then, Mrs. Lucy asked me that I could go to a restaurant with her and studied mathemathics. She is a mathematics teacher until now. And then, we went to Giggle Box together and studied mathematics while ate and chatting. She is my favourite teacher until now. 

Minggu, 15 Januari 2017

Holiday Experience

MY HOLIDAY EXPERIENCE

After the first term, i really have nothing to do. I was hangout with my friends, my family, and my special one. I actually sleep over at my friend’s house, Dhea and at my cousin’s house. There was still extraculicullar rehearsal such as angklung (KPA) and Musik Klasik (MK). We did that rehersal for teacher’s day or Nagabonar.

My actual holiday began at 5th December 2017. I was going to Bogor to visit my family and to refresh my mind. I went to Bogor with my father, mother, and my brother. I went to Bogor at 6 a.m. Fortunatelly, there was no traffic.

First, i went to Jungle Land at Sentul City, Bogor. I ride a lot of rides. It was so hot there. Fortunatelly it was not raining.


After Jungle Land, i stayed at Aston Hotel at Sentul City, Bogor. I really enjoyed stay there. There was a lake there. We can ride a boat if you want to. I shared my room with my brother. We played game, chatting, swimming, and watch movies.

At the night, we visit one of a famous cafe at Bogor. It is Lemongrass Cafe. It is kopitiam cafe, so you can enjoy malayan food there. The place is so comfy and there was band that play at night. But sadly, that night was raining so we couldnt sit at the open-air.

Next morning, i did a breakfast at the hotel  and after lunch i left the hotel and go to cisarua, Bogor. I went to Pesona Alam Hotel before i went to Taman Safari the next day.

About Pesona Alam Hotel, it is a quite good hotel. I really enjoy the fresh air there. There was gym, football field, swimming pool, and the other. The location of Pesona Alam residence is so near to Taman Safari.

The following day we went to Taman safari at 12 a.m. There’s no traffic jam but when we entered Taman Safari, there’s traffic jam. We enjoy see animals there. I finished the tour and play at the theme park at 5 p.m. But, we realized if we go out at 5 p.m. there will be a very long traffic jam. So we decided to join the night safari. We only have to buy a ticket 75k rupiah/ person.

We finished the night tour at 10 p.m. we left taman safari at 11 p.m. direct to Bandung. We went past puncak because there’s no traffic jam. We arrived at Bandung at 2 a.m.


I really enjoyed my vacation very much because i could hangout with my friends adn my family and refresh my mind before prepare the next term.

Sabtu, 05 November 2016

Megantara

MEGANTARA
Megantara is a cultural event held by SMAN 3, Bandung. Megantara is held at Lapangan Bali at Bali Street no. 8 at Saturday, 10th September 2016.



The first activity that we held is parade. The parade is presented by kindergarten and SMAN 3 students. For the girls they wear kebaya and for the boys they wear pangsi. At the parade there are performance by Reog Ponorogo.



There are so many foods at megantara. They are divided by their own place of origin. The places are “Jawa”, “Sumatra”, “Bali”, “Kalimantan”, and many other. There was not just food, there was many traditional culture like face painting from papua, batik from Java, and many others.


There are several performances at Megantara. There was performances by SMAN 3’s extracurricular for example from Lingkungan Seni  Sunda, Keluarga Paduan Angklung 3 (traditional music ansambel from sundanese made with bamboo), Kelompok Vokal 3, Musik Klasik performance by SMAN 3 Bandung, Tiloe's Theatre, Band from SMAN 3 Bandung.




There was another performances, such as Rampak Kendang Darul Hikam (traditional rhythmically music ansamble from sundanese ),  E1House Art Production Rampak Kendang Darul Hikam (traditional rhythmically music ansamble from sundanese ),  E1House Art Production, and two Guest Star RAN and The Changcuters (Indonesian famous group band).


There's also speech from our mayor city Mr. Ridwan Kamil, he saidhe very support and proud of this event that using themes culture. Mayor of Bandung, Ridwan Kamil, came to give his appreciation and opinion about Megantara.




That was an amazing moment and experience for me because SMAN 3 not only present a fantastic entertainment but educate peoples about Indonesian cultures.


VIDEOS

Video link ; https://youtu.be/F6y9uCeFJFY

World Tournament and Technofest


WORLD TOURNAMENT AND TECHNOFEST


WTTF also known as World Tournament and Technofest is one of activities that organized by OSIS Sekolah Menengah Atas Negeri  3 (SMAN 3) Bandung. WTTF is held at Saturday at Lapangan Bali. Lapangan Bali is located at Bali Street number 8. WTTF is followed by all student (10th and 11th grade) at SMAN 3 Bandung. We have to wear a dresscode. The dresscode of X Mipa 1 (my class) is a grey T-Shirt, baseball cap. The technique of WTTF is we have to fight against our opponent. My class opponent is XI MIPA 1.

We have to come to Lapangan Bali first to see the opening of WTTF. After see the opening, we were going to SMAN 3 Bandung and then we play a game called “ular-ularan”. So the technique to play ular ularan is you hev to hold your friend’s left leg until the finish line. So, the winner get the piece of puzzle. And X MIPA 1 is the winner.

Lapangan Bali


The next game is called “Fire Noodle Challenge”.  The technique for this challenge/game is you have to finished all the noodle. To play this game we need 2 person/team. So we choose Audria and Vini to eat them because we know that they can finished it in a short time. But, we lost. But its okay since we have won in another game. In WTTF, if we see a person with a green, blue, or red dress we have to throw them with a water ballons (2 ballons each game (for winner)).

The next game is playing computer game. So, we need 2 person each team. We choose Satriyo, Fadhillah ( we used to call him Justin), and Dhito. There are 3 session to play this game. 1st session the winner is us, the 2nd winner is XI MIPA 1, the 3rd winner is us and the final session the winner is us. So, we win ths game. When they play the game, we all from X MIPA 1 are cheering the up so the class is a little bit too noisy. But, its okay since its makes them cheering up.

The next game we have to go to Taman Musik.  We have to answer a few questions. So we choose ronggur, Justin, and afina to play this game. First we won this game. But, the winer is XI MIPA 1. But, I think its not fair because there is one of them is cheating. But, its okay since we know that we have to win in another game!


After that we have to go to taman foto. At taman foto we have to play twister



The next game is we have to walk to one of park there (I forgot the name), it so exhausted. At that park we have time to rest so I eat with my friends. At this park the game we played is we have to make robot with secondhands things. 


After that we have to go back to lapangan bali to collect all the puzzle that we have. At Lapbal we collect all the puzzle that we have from all classes. And the result is 32019 is the winner! Before that we play waterballoons, so we have to protect our puzzles form the aliens (a person that wear a red, green or blue dress). After that we allowed to go home after the announcement of the winner.

And this is the result!

Name : Priyanka Puteri Ariffia
Class : X MIPA 1
Absent : 18

Senin, 31 Oktober 2016

Tiger


TIGER

The tiger (Panthera tigris) is the largest cat species, most recognisable for their pattern of dark vertical stripes on reddish-orange fur with a lighter underside. The species is classified in the genus Panthera with the lionleopardjaguar and snow leopard. Tigers are apex predators, primarily preying on ungulates such as deer and bovids.
Tigers once ranged widely across Asia, from Turkey in the west to the eastern coast of Russia. Over the past 100 years, they have lost 93% of their historic range, and have been extirpated from southwest and central Asia, from the islands of Java and Bali, and from large areas of Southeast and Eastern Asia.
Tigers are among the most recognisable and popular of the world's charismatic megafauna. They have featured prominently in ancientmythology and folklore, and continue to be depicted in modern films and literature. They appear on many flagscoats of arms, and asmascots for sporting teams. The tiger is the national animal of BangladeshIndiaMalaysia and South Korea.



Taxonomy
In 1758, Linnaeus described the tiger in his work Systema Naturae and gave it the scientific name Felis tigris. In 1929, the British taxonomist Reginald Innes Pocock subordinated the species under the genus Panthera using the scientific name Panthera tigris.
The word Panthera is probably of Oriental origin and retraceable to the Ancient Greek word panther, the Latin word panthera, the Old French word pantere, most likely meaning "the yellowish animal", or from pandarah meaning whitish-yellow. The derivation from Greekpan- ("all") and ther ("beast") may be folk etymology.
The specific epithettigris, as well as the common name, tiger, come from the Middle English tigre and the Old English tigras (a plural word), both used for the animal. These derive from the Old French tigre, itself a derivative of the Latin word tigris and the Greek wordtigris. The original source may have been the Persian tigra meaning pointed or sharp and the Avestan tigrhi meaning an arrow, perhaps referring to the speed with which a tiger launches itself at its prey.



 Evolution
The tiger's closest living relatives were previously thought to be the lion, leopard and jaguar, all of which are classified under the genus PantheraGenetic analysis indicates that the tiger and the snow leoparddiverged from the other Panthera species about 2.88 million years ago, and that both species may be more closely related to each other than to the lion, leopard and jaguar. 
The oldest remains of an extinct tiger relative, called Panthera zdanskyi or the Longdan tiger, have been found in the Gansu province of northwestern China. This species is considered to be a sister taxon to the extant tiger and lived about 2 million years ago, at the beginning of the Pleistocene.
The earliest fossils of true tigers are from Java, and are between 1.6 and 1.8 million years old. Distinct fossils are known from the early and middle Pleistocene deposits in China and Sumatra. A subspecies called the Trinil tiger (Panthera tigris trinilensis) lived about 1.2 million years ago and is known from fossils found at Trinil in Java.

Surviving subspecies of tiger
Subspecies
Description
Bengal tiger(P. t. tigris), also called the Indian tiger
Lives in India, Nepal, Bhutan, and Bangladesh, and is the most common subspecies. In 2011, the total adult population was estimated at 1,520–1,909 in India, 440 in Bangladesh, 155 in Nepal and 75 in Bhutan.In 2014, the population in India was estimated at 2,226,163–253 in Nepal and 103 in Bhutan as of 2015. It lives in alluvial grasslands, subtropical and tropical rainforests, scrub forests, wet and dry deciduous forests, and mangroves. It is the second-largest of the surviving subspecies. Males attain a total nose-to-tail length of 270 to 310 cm (110 to 120 in) and weigh between 180 to 258 kg (397 to 569 lb), while females range from 240 to 265 cm (94 to 104 in) and 100 to 160 kg (220 to 350 lb). In northern India and Nepal, the average is larger; males can weigh up to 235 kilograms (518 lb), while females average 140 kilograms (310 lb).Coat colour varies from light yellow to reddish yellow with black stripes.
·         South Asia: Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, and Nepal; extinct in Pakistan and China
Indochinese tiger (P. t. corbetti), also calledCorbett'stiger
Is found in Cambodia, China, Laos, Burma, Thailand, and Vietnam. In 2010 the total population was estimated at about 350 individuals.Their preferred habitat is forests in mountainous or hilly regions.Males average 108 inches (270 cm) in total length and weigh between 150–195 kg (331–430 lb), while females average 96 inches (240 cm) and 100–130 kg (220–290 lb).
·         Southeast Asia: Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, and Vietnam; extinct in Cambodia and China
Malayan tiger (P. t. jacksoni)
Exclusively found in the southern part of the Malay Peninsula. The last native wild tiger in Singapore was shot dead in 1930.[28] Was not considered a subspecies in its own right until a 2004 genetic analysis showed that they are distinct in mtDNA and micro-satellite sequencesfrom the Indochinese subspecies.[29] As of 2014 the total population is estimated at fewer than 500 individuals,[30] though a new report from September that year estimated it at between 250 and 340 individuals.[31] Males range in total length from 190–280 cm (75–110 in) and weigh between 47.2 to 129.1 kg (104 to 285 lb), while females range from 180–260 cm (71–102 in) and 24 to 88 kg (53 to 194 lb).[32]
·         Southeast Asia: Malaysia; extinct in Thailand and Singapore.[28]
Siberian tiger (P. t. altaica), also known as theAmur tiger
Inhabits the Amur-Ussuri region of Primorsky Krai and Khabarovsk Krai in far eastern Siberia, with the exception of a small population in Hunchun National Siberian Tiger Nature Reserve in northeastern China, near the border of North Korea. In 2005, there were 331–393 adult and subadult Siberian tigers in the region, with a breeding adult population of about 250 individuals. As of 2015, there an estimated population of 480-540 individuals in the Russian Far East. It is the largest subspecies and ranks among the largest felids ever to have existed. Males have a head and body length of between 190–230 cm (75–91 in) and weigh between 180 to 306 kg (397 to 675 lb), while females average 160–180 cm (63–71 in) and 100 to 167 kg (220 to 368 lb). Tail length is about 60–110 cm (24–43 in). Compared to other subspecies, Siberian tigers have thicker coats, paler hues, and fewer stripes in dark brown instead of black.
·         North Asia: China and Siberia; extinct in Mongolia, North Korea, and South Korea
South China tiger (P. t. amoyensis), also known as the Amoyor Xiamen tiger
Is the most critically endangered subspecies of tiger, and one of the 10 most endangered animals in the world.Despite unconfirmed reports and some evidence of footprints, there has been no confirmed wild sighting in over 25 years, leading experts to consider it "functionally extinct", with the entire known population of roughly 65+ individuals held in captivity. It is the second-smallest subspecies. Males range in total length from 230–260 cm (91–102 in) and weigh between 130 to 180 kg (290 to 400 lb), while females range from 220–240 cm (87–94 in) and 100 to 110 kg (220 to 240 lb). The South China tiger is considered to be the most ancient of the tiger subspecies and is distinguished by a particularly narrow skull, long muzzle nose, rhombus-like stripes and vivid orange colour.
·         East Asia: Extinct in the wild of China
Sumatran tiger (P. t. sumatrae)
Found only on the island of Sumatra, and is thus the last surviving of the three Indonesian island subspecies. Listed as a distinct subspecies as of 1998, when genetic testing revealed the presence of unique genetic markers, and is critically endangered As of 2014 the wild population is estimated at between 400 and 500, seen chiefly in the island's national parks. It is the smallest of all living tigers. Males range in total length from 220 to 255 cm (87 to 100 in) and weigh between 100 to 140 kg (220 to 310 lb), while females range between 215 to 230 cm (85 to 91 in) and 75 to 110 kg (165 to 243 lb).Their reduced size is an adaptation to the thick, dense forests and smaller prey in their native habitat. This subspecies also has the darkest coat, with more narrowly spaced stripes and a longer mane and beard.
·         Southeast Asia: Indonesia




EXTINCT TIGERS 
Extinct subspecies of tiger
Subspecies
Description
Bali tiger (P. t. balica)
Was limited to the Indonesian island of Bali. Had a weight of 90–100 kg (200–220 lb) in males and 65–80 kg (143–176 lb) in females.Bali tigers were hunted to extinction; the last Bali tiger, an adult female, is thought to have been killed at Sumbar Kima, West Bali, on 27 September 1937, Southeast Asia: Extinct in Indonesia
Caspian tiger (P. t. virgata), also known as the Hyrcanian tiger or Turan tiger
Was found in the sparse forest habitats and riverine corridors west and south of the Caspian Sea and east through Central Asiainto the Takla-Makan desert of Xinjiang, and had been recorded in the wild until the early 1970s.The Siberian tiger is the genetically closest living relative of the Caspian tiger.[47]
·         West Asia: Extinct in ArmeniaAzerbaijanIranIraqGeorgiaRussiaSyria, and Turkey
·         Central Asia: Extinct in KazakhstanKyrgyzstanTajikistanTurkmenistan, and Uzbekistan
·         East Asia: Extinct in China and Mongolia
·         South Asia: Extinct in Afghanistan
Javan tiger (P. t. sondaica)
Was limited to the island of Java, and had been recorded until the mid-1970s.Javan tigers were larger than Bali tigers; males weighed 100–141 kg (220–311 lb) and females 75–115 kg (165–254 lb).After 1979, no more sightings were confirmed in the region of Mount Betiri.
·         Southeast Asia: Extinct in Indonesia

DIET
In the wild, tigers mostly feed on large and medium-sixed animal, preffering native ungulates weighing at least 90 kg (200 lb). They typically have little or no deletirous effecr on their prey populations. Sambar deer, chital, barasingha, wild boar, gaur, niglai, and both water buffalo and domestic buffalo, in descending order of prefrence, are the tiger’s favoured prey in Tamil nadu, India. They also prey on other predators, including dogs, leopards, pythons, sloth bears, and crocodiles. In Siberia, the main prey species are Manchurian wapiti and wild boar followed by sika deer, moose, roe deer, and musk deer. Asiatic black bears and ussuri brown bears may also fall prey to tigers and they constitute up to 40.7 % of the diet of Siberian tigers depending on local condition and the bear population . In Sumatra, prey include sambar deer, muntjac, wild boar, Malayan tapir, and orangutan. In the former Caspian tiger’s range, prey included saiga antelope, camels,caucasian wisent, yak, and wild horses. Like many predators, tigers are oppurtunistic  and may eat much smaller prey, such as monkeys, peafowl, and other ground-based birds, hares, porcupines, and fish

Colour variations
White tigers are more frequently bred in captivity, where the comparatively small gene pool can lead to inbreeding. This has given white tigers a greater likelihood of being born with physical defects, such as cleft palatescoliosis(curvature of the spine), and strabismus (squint). Even apparently healthy white tigers generally do not live as long as their orange counterparts. Attempts have been made to cross white and orange tigers to remedy this, often mixing with other subspecies in the process.
Another recessive gene creates the "golden" or "golden tabby" colour variation, sometimes known as "strawberry".Golden tigers have thicker than usual light-gold fur, pale legs, and faint orange stripes. Few golden tigers are kept in captivity; they are invariably at least part Bengal. 






            


 VIDEO




Link: https://youtu.be/WyAdbOYglJ0

QUESTIONS 
1.       1.       Tiger is classified in the same genus with, except
a.       Lion
b.      Jaguar
c.       Panther
d.      Leopard
e.      Snow leopard
2.       The tiger is the national animal in…
a.       Indonesia
b.      Thailand
c.       Laos
d.      Malaysia
e.      Timor leste
3.       What is the meaning of tigra?
a.       Flawless
b.      Strong
c.       Charismatic
d.      Pointed
e.      Cool
4.       Where was the earliest tiger fossils founded?
a.       Bangkok
b.      Trinil
c.       London
d.      Bangladesh
e.      Siberia
5.       What Caspian’s tiger diet range?
a.       Muntjac
b.      Bear
c.       Yak
d.      Buffalo
e.      Sloth
6.       What is tiger subspecies that is extinct?
a.       Caspian Tiger
b.      Malayan Tiger
c.       Indochinese tiger
d.      Siberian Tiger
e.      Sumatran tiger
7.       What is tiger’s genus?
a.       Panthera
b.      Puma
c.       Felis
d.      Oryza
e.      Homo
8.       What is tiger habitat range?, except
a.       Asia
b.      Turkey
c.       Russia
d.      America
e.      Europe
9.     Golden Tiger is called…
a.       Blueberry
b.      Strawberry
c.       Orange
d.      Dragon
e.      Peach
10.   What is the colour variation of tiger?
a.       Black Tiger
b.      Golden tiger
c.       Orange tiger
d.      Albino tiger
e.      Grey tiger